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  • Tue, Dec 21 2021
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IRCC And ESDC Is Making Major Changes To The NOC In 2022

Canada works on the NOC system for immigrants, but a major change is now incorporated in the 2022 list. The National Occupational Classification (NOC) is a major part of Canada’s immigration which currently working on four categories of “Skill level”, i.e. O, A, B and C. However, every ten years, the federal government conducts a significant revision of the NOC. As a result, this structure has been overhauled and replaced by a new six category system that works on TEER, which means Training, Education, Experience and Responsibility. 

NOC is National Occupational Classification, Canada’s national reference for occupations. NOC 2021 was revealed in September 2016 by Statistics Canada and Employment and Social Development Canada (ESDC).  Skilled worker candidates and temporary foreign workers need to demonstrate the work experience that the Canadian government need in corresponds with the NOC requirements of the program they are applying for. Candidates who applied through Express Entry to immigrate to Canada as skilled workers, then their work experience must fall under NOC skill level O, A or B as one of the eligibility factors. 

To understand the nature of the Canadian market, employment activities are categorized as: 

  • Those who help to run government programs, 
  • Promote skills development, 
  • Conduct research, and
  • Help Canada manage its immigration and foreign worker programs

Changes that are incorporated into the NOC reflect changes to the Canadian economy. The labour market and immigration system will include the changes in 2022.


About NOC’s

The NOC has featured 4 skill levels. 

  • NOC A represents jobs that tend to require university degrees, 
  • NOC B represents jobs that are in the skilled trades or require a college diploma, 
  • NOC C represents jobs that require intermediate skills or job-specific training, and 
  • NOC D is labour jobs that require on the job training.


Summarization of Modification

Occupations will now have a five-digit codification system instead of the current four-digit system.

Now,there has been a TEER system with six categories: 0, 1, 2, 3, 4, and 5.

TEER 0

  • Management occupations.

TEER 1

  • Completion of a university degree (bachelor’s, master’s or doctorate); or
  • Several years of experience in a specific occupation from TEER category 2 (when applicable).

TEER 2

  • Completion of a post-secondary education program of two to three years at community college, institute of technology or CÉGEP; or
  • Completion of an apprenticeship training program of two to five years; or
  • Occupations with supervisory or significant safety (police officers and firefighters) responsibilities; or
  • Several years of experience in a specific occupation from TEER category 3 (when applicable).

TEER 3

  • Completion of a post-secondary education program of less than two years at community college, institute of technology or CÉGEP; or
  • Apprenticeship training of less than 2 years; or
  • More than six months of on-the-job training, training courses or specific work experience with some secondary school education; or
  • Several years of experience in a specific occupation from TEER category 4 (when applicable).

TEER 4

  • Completion of secondary school; or
  • Several weeks of on-the-job training with some secondary school education; or
  • Several years of experience in a specific occupation from TEER category 5 (when applicable).

TEER 5

  • Short work demonstration and no formal educational requirements.


Impact on Immigrants and foreign workers with the change

It is unclear that how applicants will be affected at this point. However, stakeholders and skilled workers will need to wait until IRCC and ESDC issue any further notice or information.

 Despite changes to the NOC, their work experience will continue to meet the eligibility criteria for their desired immigration or foreign worker program. On the other hand, the coming changes will somehow help a few applicants while hurting others. There may be the change that some may now find themselves eligible for additional programs since their work experience has been reclassified. Others may find themselves no longer suitable for the same reason.

According to the Statistical Canada tool, this table indicates how the six new TEER groups have been redistributed with the previous four NOC skill levels.

NOC 2016 V1.3 Distribution of Unit Groups by Skill Level

NOC 2021 V1.0 Distribution of Unit Groups by TEER



TEER Category 0

9%

Skill Level A

28%

TEER Category 1

19%

Skill Level B

42%

TEER Category 2

31%

Skill Level C

24%

TEER Category 3

13%

Skill Level D

6%

TEER Category 4

18%



TEER Category 5

9%


Reason why skill type level is replaced.

Implementing TEER will hopefully give stakeholders a better sense of the number of skills required for each occupation. Here are the two primary reasons:

  • First, the TEER system aims to clarify the level of education and work experience required to work in an occupation.

Second, Statistics Canada believes the skill type model creates artificial categorizations between low- and high-skilled jobs.

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